The incipient urban depopulation that occurred between 1950 and 1960—from 950,000 to 939,000 residents, the city's first decrease since 1800—snowballed after the riots. Lyndon Johnson orders 1,900 Army soldiers into Baltimore. Its maximum capacity is 2.500. 5:06 p.m. —Fire at Myrtle Ave. and Mosher St., fire at N. Gilmore and Laurens St. Several large trash cans are set afire in the Flag House Court Apartments a half block from the Lombard St. fire. The Civic Center holds an overflow 800 prisoners. Guardsmen shoot back at people throwing stones and bottles and shooting in housing projects. • Night—a shooting is reported at Lennox and Callow, and also at Franklin and Warwick Ave. At Division and Wilson, two fires break out. Thursday, April 4, 1968 • Summary: Repairs and assessments continue. • King gives a speech, "Race and the Church," before a gathering of Methodist clergy at the Baltimore Civic Center. Baltimore accounts for a quarter of all national arrests and about a seventh of all post-assassination riot deaths. King's funeral service is held in Atlanta. [5], The combined National Guard and police force proved unable to contain the uprising and on Sunday, April 7, federal troops were requested. Rioting threatens to move northward, but police assure the governor that nothing will get out of hand. (Bans go into effect at this time.) • 8:30 a.m.—Tear gas used on rioters. This was and continues in large part to be why we had these types of riots, and at the time the police took signs and made arrests, but the media seemed to think it was OK to take a sign that one guy made, and re-print it and circulate to more than one hundred thousand readers, in nearly every state in the country. • Morning— A "whirlwind tour" is taken by the mayor, who is accompanied by Sen. Joseph Tydings. • 10:30 p.m.—Reports of sniper fire in the 4000 block Edmondson Ave. Sniper activity also at Baltimore and Monroe streets. • 8 p.m.—In the first hour of the curfew, reports of trouble continue to reach police, though the number is dropping. Chicago reports losses of $15 million. • Summary: By this date, 2100 firemen have fought 900 fires in three days. • 11 p.m.—Police struggle with a fire hydrant after firefighters leave for fear of snipers. and Chelsea St. is looted repeatedly in the two hours leading up to midnight. In the first block of N. Liberty St. a "jitterbug band" breaks windows. In West Baltimore, soldiers with bayonets block the intersection of Fulton Ave. and Baker St. In addition, an active Army soldier died in a traffic accident while redeploying from the city. Crowds gather to watch. Prohibition of firearms and explosive sales remain in place. • 9:30 a.m.—A sniper on Aisquith St. sends a bullet into a car. Police arrest 10 looters at a pawn shop at Bond and Monument streets; the store is later set on fire. In the 1000 block of W. Baltimore St., a surplus store is hit by a multi-alarm fire. A tavern on Longwood St. at Westwood is looted. At Edmondson Village Shopping Center, three stores have shattered windows. Royal Ave. and Monroe St. on North Ave. was hit. Police in general keep the crowds apart. • Basic Information: The arrest total since 6 p.m. Saturday stands at 4,424. Looting begins on Pennsylvania Ave. in the 1200-2000 blocks The Levinson and Klein store at Monument and Chester streets is looted. Crowds throw bricks and bottles at passing cars. So did the city's population. Monday, April 8, 1968 A jewelry store on Eastern is looted. A new curfew is announced. The wave of looting appears to go from liquor stores, to electrical appliance stores, then food stores, followed by pawn shops for firearms, then jewelry stores and loan shops for money and valuables. There are unconfirmed reports of snipers, bringing state police and soldiers in to protect firemen. Black communities had sub-par housing, high rates of infant mortality, and more crime. • 3:40 p.m.—Three stores are looted at Guilford and 21st St. and at Fayette and Gilmore. Looting steps up and the west side's first major fires begin shortly before noon. Another 10 stores are looted in the 900 block of Whitelock St. Two blocks there are cordoned off. By this point, large sections of Federal, Gay, Monument, Aisquith, and Pennsylvania above Biddle St. have been cleaned out. • Summary: Riot losses are estimated at $10 million, enough to classify Baltimore as a catastrophe area—although it is learned that federal disaster relief does not cover riots and civil disorder. As of this point, 50 policemen and 10 firefighters have been hurt in the riots, none critically. At Garrison and Windsor Mill Road, drug store windows are smashed. A crowd of boys is dispersed from Mondawmin, and at Harford Road and North Ave. The ban on liquor sales is off, riot curfew lifted, and gasoline in containers rule is in effect. In Pictures: The 1968 Baltimore Riots The assassination death of American civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. on April 4, 1968 sparked riots in more than 100 American cities. A list of affected merchants will be compiled, and taxpayers will be allowed to file after the April 15 deadline without penalty. At Baker St. and Fulton there is looting. A drugstore at North and Greenmount and a liquor store at Wolfe and Chase streets also are ruined. Unrest also broke out on Pennsylvania Ave in West Baltimore. Scavengers and looters are separated into two charging categories by the Army. Holly St., there is looting and burning of grocery and liquor stores. Problems are reported at Hoffman and Dallas streets, and Bond and Lanvale streets. Since midnight, there have been 76 lootings and 10 fires. By Agence France-Presse. Three stores on Greenmount from the 1900 to the 2300 block are burned by firebombs. A 4 p.m. to 7 a.m. curfew is ordered again. A store is looted in the 4600 block of Park Heights Ave. The car leaves for the hospital. • Evening—Complete curfew declared in city between 11 p.m. Saturday and 6 a.m. Sunday. [12], List of incidents of civil unrest in Baltimore, List of incidents of civil unrest in the United States, "Baltimore Riot Was Maryland Air Guard's Largest Mobilization", United States Army Center of Military History, http://www.msa.md.gov/msa/stagser/s1259/121/2395/html/0000.html, Greek Orthodox Cathedral of the Annunciation, Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History & Culture, St. Michael the Archangel Ukrainian Catholic Church, Sts. Rioting spills out from "Negro Slums east and west of Downtown area along main streets in all directions," according to one newspaper headline. • 2.30 p.m.— Flare up at city jail between 250 prisoners. The intersection of Fulton Ave. and Baker St. is cordoned off. There are so many people under arrest that school buses are being used to transport them instead of police wagons and patrol cars. A tall white man runs past and fires three shots into the car at the children, then runs south and drops a pistol. More from the series, “ DC Uprising: Voices from the 1968 Riots .” By 9:30 p.m. it is a four-alarm fire, with onlookers throwing stones and bottles. They tear away protective iron gratings and loot the store. The Baltimore Riot of 1968 started in reaction to the murder of Martin Luther King.After King was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee, on 4 April, 1968, rioting broke out in 125 cities across the United States.In Baltimore, Maryland trouble didn’t start until two days later. Since Saturday at 5:30 p.m., 510 have been injured, more than 900 fires reported, more than 1,700 cases of looting called in, and more than 3,450 blacks arrested. • Late morning/early afternoon—Police cars are lined up at Gay and Aisquith expecting calls. • Night—At least 110 communities across the country are hit by post-assassination violence, with approximately 29 percent of all arrests made in Baltimore. Arrests drop from 62 between 4 and 5 p.m. to 21 in the next hour, lootings from 30 to nine and fires from five to one. Roadblocks are set up at downtown intersections, and motorists are forced to turn back. • 9 a.m.—By this point, police report that looting has picked up in the Western District and is causing more devastation than was seen on the east side, which was already damaged by mobs. Commercial requests for use of the transcript or related documentation must be submitted in writing to the address below. In the 500 block of Roberts St., soldiers and policemen confront a mob with torches. On April 6, 1968, two days after the assassination of Martin Luther King, Baltimore, like many other cities across the country, found itself engulfed in riots. •2:30 a.m.—Since 8 p.m. Friday, four outbreaks of violence have occurred: three fires and a shooting. • 10:15 p.m.—Four reports of fire from the 1000 to the 1100 block of E. Lombard. Monday, June 2, 1958 There is a fire in the 4700 block of Park Heights. Scattered looting is reported at Baltimore and Pine streets. • Evening—A refugee center is set up at 758 Dolphin St. The immediate cause of the riot was the April 4 assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. in Memphis, Tennessee, which triggered unrest in over 100 cities • 2 a.m.—Guardsmen protect firefighters. The riot area comprises 1,000 square blocks, bounded roughly by 23rd St. on the north, Poplar Grove St. on the west, Baltimore St. on the south and Broadway on the east. There is far less crime in daylight hours than usual. • 9 a.m.—Several fires are reported on the east side, but the west side is quiet. Friday, April 5, 1968 If you have any requests or questions regarding the use of the transcript or supporting documents, please contact us: Robert l. Bogomolny Library • 6:14 p.m.—Pres. Twenty shotguns are ordered sent up from the Armory, and four cruisers are sent to disperse a crowd of hundreds of youths at Ashland and Central Ave. At Monument and Bond, a pawn shop is looted. The riot included crowds filling the streets, burning and looting local businesses, and confronting the police and national guard. Gov. The city jail remains filled beyond capacity. The city jail now holds 500. A thrown brick cuts a patrolman's head. At Bond and Madison, a liquor store is looted and burned. Three other stores are looted in the 2000 block of Edmondson Ave. Issues between police and National Guardsmen continue. As the east side calms, the west explodes into a what is described as a "liquor crazed frenzy of looting and carousing." • Summary: Arrests from midnight to 1 p.m. number 105, bringing the total to 5,316. • King, following a meeting in Baltimore of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, announces plans to launch a new drive to register Negroes in the South. Boundaries of violence extend from Greenmount, North Ave., Chester and Baltimore. Thirty-two are treated for injuries, and 47 fires are set in the area overnight. East Baltimore police send 400-500 Guardsmen armed with bayonets onto Aisquith to 25th St. to stop curfew violators. Monument and Bond sees two fires. Most of damage is in the city's "poverty belt," officials report. • 8:30 p.m.—Some city policemen are pinned down behind cars by two or three snipers firing from upper floors of the Flag House housing project in the 1000 block of E. Lombard St. There are only 10 new lootings on this day. • 8 p.m. to 9 p.m.—Looting peaks, with 128 incidents logged. When Alan Shane Dillingham, a historian at Spring Hill College in Alabama, lectures on the 1960s he starts by displaying a timeline of the decade’s most iconic, tumultuous year — 1968. The Baltimore riot of 1968 was a period of civil unrest that lasted from April 6 to April 14, 1968, in Baltimore. Around 8 pm, Governor Agnew declared a state of emergency. [7], After action reports credited both the National Guard and active Army forces for being extremely disciplined and restrained in dealing with the disturbance, with only four shots fired by National Guard troops and two by active Army troops. • 4 p.m.—Commemorative interdenominational service • Midnight—Despite the curfew, looting and burning start up again. At Lexington and Gillmor, some apartments are burned. Gen. York takes a walking tour of the Western District. Racially based communal conflict against African Americans that took place before the American Civil War, often in relation to attempted slave revolts, and after the war, in relation to tensions under Reconstruction and later efforts to suppress black voting and institute Jim Crow Police pelted with stones and bottles as they seal off Gay from the 400 block North to the 700 block. Many also have a black rag tied on the antenna in solidarity. [4], Baltimore remained peaceful into the day on April 6. A three-building fire at the corner of Harford Avenue is the most serious of the night. Army helicopters patrol. Looting in the 900 block of Whitelock St. is reported, and troops cordon off the area. Saturday, April 13, 1968 At Laurens and Stricker, a liquor store is destroyed by fire. / Listen: MP3 File Remembering the Baltimore riots after Freddie Gray's death, 3 years later ... Is Baltimore responsible for damage from riots? In the 1300 block of  Edmondson Ave., a pawn shop is looted and 73 rifles are stolen. This is by no means a comprehensive document. • Afternoon—Looting and burning continues. October 30, 1964 Four blocks west, there are still more fires. The main cause of the riots by the Black Baltimoreans was caused by the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. on April 4. Spiro Agnew declares a state of emergency in Baltimore. In the 2100 block of W. Baltimore St., a bus driver is robbed. Aid from the state insurance commission is made available at the Enoch Pratt Library. Mass racial violence in the United States, also called race riots, can include such disparate events as: . • 10:30 p.m.—Violence on Gay Street is declared "out of control." 5:07 p.m.—Fire in 1900 block N. Rosedale St., fires in 1000 block E. Lombard St. at N. Calhoun and School, fire at Liberty Heights Ave., at Allendale in the 1500 block of N. Gillmore St., in the 2000 block of E. Biddle St., in the 800 block of N. Port St. , in the 1600 block of E. Eager St. Sporadic looting takes place on the west side. Gasoline sales and other inflammables are banned (except in cars). After noon a band of 75 youths armed with clubs and rocks march down Pratt and Frederick to the Westside shopping center. Agnew announces that conditions are improved, enough to possibly modify or remove entirely the ban on the sale of alcoholic beverages in the city and five counties This timeline focuses on some major events of 1968. Levy, Peter B. “The Dream Deferred: The Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Holy Week Uprisings of 1968.” In Baltimore ’68, ’68 Riots and Rebirth in an American City. This day also marks the end of marathon duty hours for troops, policemen, and firefighters. West Baltimore hospitals treat fewer patients. • 11:45 p.m.—The Fire Department refuses ambulance service for non-emergency sick cases. •National Guard on standby The fire department received five bomb threats, four in city schools. • Late afternoon—Tensions rise between whites and blacks in the South Broadway area and along W. Pratt St. After one man objects to being frisked, police begin to use mace to subdue uncooperative curfew violators. December 20, 1963 Four looters are arrested at Laurens and Stricker. [1], With the spread of civil disturbances across the nation, Maryland National Guard troops were called up for state duty on April 5, 1968, in anticipation of disturbances in Baltimore or the suburban portions of Maryland bordering Washington, D.C.[2], Black Baltimore was quiet on April 5, despite riots in nearby Washington, D.C.[3] One white student at UMBC reported a quiet scene, with noticeable sadness, but little violence or unrest: April 5, "in many cases, was just another day". • 10:15 p.m.—Governor's spokesman announces that the statement on liquor sales still stands. • 10 p.m.—By this point, a dozen stores on Greenmount Ave. are on fire and looters have crossed North Ave. But there is a decrease in violence immediately after curfew. 1968: Year of Social Change and Turning Point in Vietnam and the U.S. Introduction “The end result is that this nation’s people are almost totally frustrated. Around that time, a block away at McHenry and Payson, a fight breaks out between several whites and two blacks. Dozens of police raids take place on this morning. Sales of alcohol and firearms were immediately banned. Plans are announced for a walk of penance on Saturday by a white interfaith group. BALTIMORE – The events following the April 12, 2015, arrest of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old black man who was injured in the custody of the Baltimore Police … [3] At this point, some reports described about a thousand people in the crowd, which moved north on Gay St. up to Harford Rd. • Midmorning—The Army begins a citywide attempt to prevent further looting by boarding up partially plundered stores and exploding a bomb of CS gas inside. At York Road and Woodbourne Ave., a window is smashed by a gang of roving youths. • King comes to Baltimore as part of a multi-city campaign to encourage Negroes to vote in upcoming elections. [7], Unrest continued for several days as the Task Force sought to reassert control. The U.S. Dept. Gen. York, the mayor and Pomerleau spend more than two hours traveling through the city. • 11 a.m.—D'Alessandro announces that he believes that Baltimore's riot was organized and planned in advance. The mood of the crowds is "uglier" than on Saturday. Second use of tear gas in an hour at Dukeland St. and Lafayette Ave. Approximately 6,000 National Guard troops enter the city, under the command of Maj. Gen. George Gelston. They also suffered disproportionately from the decline in Baltimore's manufacturing sector. The 1968 riots had national political significance because of the reaction of then–Maryland governor Spiro Agnew, a … As whites enter these predominantly black projects, Guardsmen arrive, forcing whites east of Broadway and blacks west to create a three-block buffer zone. informed. The Baltimore Riots 1968. [1], A total of 10,956 troops had been deployed. • Night—Troops ordered to tuck away bayonets, a sign of easing tension. April 1, 1965 Workers clean up debris from lootings and fires on the west side. Hundreds of fires are reported. Gangs are rumored to be using walkie talkies to figure out where police and troops are. Baltimore riot of 1968 is similar to these civil conflicts: King assassination riots, 1968 Washington, D.C. riots, April 1968 and more. In the 3500 block of Edmondson Ave., a sandwich shop is broken into. Mitchell IV, 5. • 1:30 a.m.—"Curfew seems to be having an effect, city is generally under control."—Gen. George H. Cook A National Guardsman stands atop the City Hail, where many of the people arrested during the riots have been incarcerated. The Baltimore riot of 1968 was a period of civil unrest that lasted from April 6 to April 14, 1968, in Baltimore.The uprising included crowds filling the streets, burning and looting local businesses, and confronting the police and national guard. • 4 p.m.—In the 1400 block Druid Hill Ave., more looting and burning. Wednesday, April 10, 1968 Saturday's violence is confined to a 20-by-10 block on the east side spreading to the west side. Within an hour of Mayor D'Allesandro's vote of confidence in the city, 48 are arrested, 19 lootings reported and three new fires set. Eastern High Schol is repurposed as a refugee center. Alarms go off all night on Gay St. from 400 to the 1100 block. A one hour warning is given before curfew violators are arrested. Rioting reported near the Murphy Homes at Myrtle Ave. and Hoffman. Some fire trucks begin responding to blazes with armed soldiers aboard. The driver gets out of the car and is jumped by the mob. Cooperation between police and the Army is said to be improved. Late that evening, elements of the XVIII Airborne Corps at Fort Bragg, North Carolina began arriving on the scene, while several Marine units from Camp Lejeune were put on standby status. A black driver ducking from rocks thrown by whites loses control of his car and causes a three-car collision. A group of 40 Guardsmen set up a roadblock at Penn. • 6:15 p.m.— First report of fire at Ideal Furniture Company, 700 block of N. Gay. Downtown stores reopen. • 9:30 a.m.—Sniper fire hits a car in the 1200 block of Aisquith Street. The 1300-1500 blocks of Penn Ave. are destroyed, and the 1200 block contains only a few intact stores. Agnew says he is disappointed with the black community's leadership. From 1970 to 1980, Baltimore's population declined from 906,000 to 787,000. Edmondson Ave., from Fremont all the way west to the shopping center, has been scourged by looters; a few stores are burned, but almost all are looted and vandalized. • 7:30 p.m.—By this time, the conflict has spread across the city, especially to the west, with 95 percent of the offenders estimated to be teenagers. • Morning—Some federal troops begin to move out of Baltimore following a declaration from Gen. Robert H. York that order has been restored to the city. Street traffic began to increase. [1], In the next few days,[when?] [8] These forces had received orders to avoid firing their weapons, as part of an intentional strategy to decrease fatalities. In the 2900 block of Garrison Blvd., a store emblazoned with a "Soul Brother" sign is looted. SLIDESHOW: Baltimore Riots. With the intervention of federal forces, the Maryland National Guard was called into federal duty, resulting in a shift from state control (reporting to the Governor of Maryland) to federal control (reporting through the Army chain of command to the President). •No significant occurrences • Afternoon—Fire in the 1600 block of Ingleside Ave. in a carryout shop. Some looting is seen at Reisterstown Road and Edmondson Ave. He is also awarded the Citizen of the Year Award by the fraternity. Sales of alcohol, flammables in containers, and firearms are banned in city. Cars parked on East Baltimore streets are looted for parts and tires. In the 2000 block of Edmondson Ave., looting of clothing stores takes place, and 50 are arrested on Baltimore St. from Pine St. west. At North Ave., looting is at its heaviest anywhere in the city. Agnew asks in telegrams to Pres. • 1:20 a.m.—Sniper fire in the 1400 block of E. Oliver St. Sniper not found but an arrest is made. Looting takes place on Division St. Three stores are looted on Edmondson, and another six stores on Edmondson and Payson. In the 800 block of W. Baltimore St., another furniture store is looted. At North and Baddish, fires are reported. Thursday, April 11, 1968 Plans are announced for at least one more night of curfew. A crowd on Baltimore St. disperses. • Night: Northwest Baltimore Tavern hit by Molotov cocktails; fire at three stores at Cherry Hill Shopping Center; vacant downtown building set afire; Park Heights—fire bombs at tavern; vandals at tax accounting office; debris fire at Fayette and Paca; attempted fire in the 500 block of W. Coldspring Lane. 5:09 p.m.—Police protection requested at N. Poppleton and Saratoga St. Another 1,900 Army troops are called into Baltimore. • 1:30 p.m.—State's attorney Charles Moylan Jr. is quoted as saying, "The looting in the eastern half of Baltimore has reached terrible proportions." Whites exchange insults with black youths, bottles and bricks are thrown, four cars driven by blacks are damaged by rocks. Looting is reported in the 1800 block of Greenmount Ave. Police worry that the National Guard is not protecting all critical spots. Fire captain is injured by a thrown glass bottle in the 1000 block of N. Gay. The Baltimore Riot of 1968 was an uprising of black Baltimoreans lasting from April 6 to April 14. Two men and one woman are arrested. Elsewhere, the Pope plans a statement on racism. Some cars are covered in signs that say "Soul Brother" or "Black Brother," mostly driven by blacks with headlights on as a funeral solute to King. Fires in other areas are sporadic. Fremont St. along Edmondson Ave. reports looting. • 4 p.m.—At Monroe and Pratt, a crowd of white youths gather restlessly. • 6 p.m.—Looting at Gay and Monument streets Lootings are minor, but the total edges toward 2,000. In the 900 block of W. North Ave., fires break out at a surplus store and three other buildings at Linden and North Ave. Looters are reported at the market a half block away. After noon, looting calls come into headquarters at a rate of one per minute. Merchants in the 2100-2200 blocks of Monument St. report business is almost back to normal. Along Gilmore from Baltimore St. to Franklin St., a string of discount drug and liquor stores is burglarized. Pennsylvania and Lafayette show more looting. Nonviolent civil rights organizations send sound trucks through the riot areas urging residents to remain in their homes. Peter & Paul Ukrainian Catholic Church, Transfiguration of our Lord Russian Orthodox Church, Young Men's and Young Women's Hebrew Association Building, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Baltimore_riot_of_1968&oldid=1004293518, African-American riots in the United States, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Rioting, race riots, protests, looting, attacks, Task Force Emergency Headquarters Brigade, Headquarters and Headquarters Company, EOH, 729th Maintenance Battalion (Now 729th Support Battalion, MDANG), C Company, 728th Maintenance Battalion (Now 728th Support Battalion, PAANG), 110th Collection, Classification and Salvage Company, Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 3rd Brigade, Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 115th Military Police Battalion, 2nd Platoon, 28th Military Police Company, 2nd Platoon, B Company, 228th Supply and Transportation Battalion, 2nd Forward Supply Section, A Company, 228th Supply and Transportation Battalion, Levy, Peter B. • 8 p.m.—An outbreak of sniper activity continues until 1 a.m. Looters and fire bombers strike hard in West Baltimore. Officers carry them to the Pikesville Armory. [10] Property damages, assessed financially, were more severe in DC ($15 million), Baltimore ($12 million), and Chicago ($10 million) than in any other cities.[1]. In the 1400 block of Presstman St., there is a looting. Looting and burning sweeps up Greenmount Ave. and crosses North Ave. Many more fires break out, at Frederick Road and Willard St., in the 1200 block of Central Ave., on Franklin St., and Allendale Road. Two separate fires take place at Monument and Bond, and a tavern and package goods store is looted. The Baltimore riot of 1968 was a period of civil unrest that lasted from April 6 to April 14, 1968, in Baltimore.The uprising included crowds filling the streets, burning and looting local businesses, and confronting the police and national guard. A graph by police statisticians shows that most riot activity occurs in the city's high crime areas. 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