Harappa: Capital City of the Ancient Indus Civilization, Geography of the Countries Bordering China, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento. Site and situation influence the origin, function, and growth of cities and is an important concept to understand when you study cities and urban land use for the AP® Human Geography Exam. The "situation" is defined as the location of a place relative to its surroundings and other places. Geographers often study the reasons why cities develop where they do and what factors lead to a settlement becoming a large city over time or remaining as a small village. Environmental Determinism- A 19th and early 20th century approach to the study of geography that argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences. Match. ... AP Human Geography Chapter 5 Vocab. The origin, function, and growth of a particular settlement depend upon both its site, as well as its situation. Settlements can be rural, a small village, for example, with a small population, or urban, as a large city with a population in tens of millions. These are conditions that people consider when choosing the site of a city if those conditions are favorable for living. A city’s site refers to the actual physical attributes of the place it occupies. Like an area's site, however, its situation can also cause problems. The “FRQ” link connects to the corresponding exam and the “Scoring Guidelines” links to the rubrics designed by AP readers. The CollegeBoard has devoted an entire unit, “Cities and Urban Land Use”, to urban geography. It could have obstacles for expansion like ridges or marshes. AP Human geography. Those features could be natural surroundings (mountains, rivers, roads), nearby areas of productive capacity, the size of its hinterland (an inland area found behind a port and claimed by the power that owns the coast), the location of competing cities, and transportation routes. The CollegeBoard wants you to know that there are factors that initiate and drive both urbanization and suburbanization. Like Roman roads that focused on Rome, all of these roads led right to Paris. There are very few natural resources in proximity to these provinces. ... AP Human Geography - Industry - Chapter 11 Key Issue 2 - Duration: 11:09. Some of the reasons behind these growth patterns are related to the area's site and its situation. The production of copper is a good example of an industry that is located close to their source to minimize transportation costs. Textile. It is not just the encompassing human-made characteristics that are part of a city’s situation, but also the natural physical features that surround the city. A great example of this is the Irish potato famine of 19th century. Every community has its cultures and studying human geography gives us a chance to understand to understand people, their communities, cultures, economies, and interactions. Examples of site factors include whether an area is protected by mountains or if there is a natural harbor present. You can also find thousands of practice questions on Albert.io. (AP) All of the following are examples of the spatial analysis tradition in geography EXCEPT the. Albert.io lets you customize your learning experience to target practice where you need the most help. Amanda Briney is a professional geographer. We discover what’s so special about Chiang Mai, Thailand and how zombie deer are an example of a locational site factor. There are other AP® Human Geography resources you can use to help you prepare for the exam! Gravity. Economic geography: A field of human geography that studies economic development and the inequalities that are created.The main goal is to find out why the world is divided into relatively rich and relatively poor countries. Baghdad had an extremely favorable situation because it had command of land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The site of a city that has access to a good water supply, abundant sources of fuel, natural barriers against invasion and a temperate climate all point to progress and growth. Click the image to read. The easiest way to differentiate them is to remember that the site of an area is its exact location and the situation describes its surrounding areas and physical features. The situation of the city includes characteristics that are external to the settlement. The Seine River is navigable by river traffic, with several tributaries navigable as well. Bodies of water were vital to trade in preindustrial times to allow trade through their ports. Site and situation factors of industry. For purposes of this study guide, and the AP® Human Geography Exam, we will be discussing urban settlements or cities. For many, site and situation may seem similar and easy to confuse. Site and situation influence the origin, function, and growth of cities and is an important concept to understand when you study cities and urban land use for the AP® Human Geography Exam. For over five years, hundreds of thousands of students have used Albert to build confidence and score better on their SAT®, ACT®, AP, and Common Core tests. Sample: 3A . We’ll give you challenging practice questions to help you achieve mastery in AP® Human Geography. ... Situation factor 1: Location near inputs. This study guide will explain the difference between site and situation in the context of AP® Human Geography. You must also consider the ability to trade when choosing a site for a city. ... "Silicon Valley" is a prime example. The center of every advanced civilization is the city. The situation contains the surrounding areas of the city. Many times, this was the first point that explorers landed. Only 2% of the land in the nation is arable, with much of it located in the highlands, and so making a living in this nation is highly challenging. Two of those factors are site and situation. As cities grow and develop, the predominance of these factors that make up their situation will determine whether or not the city will prosper in the long run or decline and become a victim to urban decay. The growth of a city depends on the accessibility and availability of natural resources. Moreover, the traditional fishing economies of the region are today crashing along with the fish populations. This mass migrating into cities and urban areas is a good reason for you to know about urban dynamics. Situation: The location of a place relative to other places. Each place in the world has its unique characteristics. It could lie on a river or a lake. Examples are Xi’an, China on the Silk Road, Timbuktu, Mali on the Trans-Sahara trade route and maritime trade that helped Singapore prosper. Location factors related to the transportation of materials into and from a factory. Thank you for your patience! For example, the site of Sydney, Australia, took advantage of the superior, natural harbor, favorable for trade, and surrounding arable farmland. Because of its remote location in the Himalayas, entering the country is challenging and, historically, this has been beneficial because the mountains have been a form of protection. There was also an abundance of fresh water in the nearby Hudson River and small creeks, as well as raw materials for building supplies. Albert.io offers the best practice questions for high-stakes exams and core courses spanning grades 6-12. A fabric made by weaving, used in making clothing. Located within the world's highest mountain range, the terrain of the country is extremely rugged, making transportation within the country very difficult. question. As time progresses, cultural diffusion causes the altering of the cultural landscape, practices, innovations, ideas. It is a fact that the form, size, and function of urban settlements is always changing. AP Human Geography Course and Exam Description This is the core document for the course. In a terrestrial ecosystem, examples might include temperature, light, and water. ... (AP) The notion that cultural factors are the product of environmental conditions (e.g. It could have a deep water port. AP Human Geography Exam 2001 2014 Categorized by topic below are all FRQ exams from 2001 2014. There was a combination of factors like agricultural surplus, access to a water source, increasing population, defense, religion, and trade. The larger the city becomes, the more it serves as a powerful force within its sphere of influence. Location factors related to the costs of factors of production inside the plant, such as land, labor, and capital. The study of settlement patterns is one of the most important subjects of urban geography. Site is the exact location of a city, you can find it on a map. Lecture explaining why situation factors are important when choosing factory locations. Rubenstein, pp. Check out our other articles on AP Human Geography. The situation of a city relates to its surrounding features, both human-made and natural. There is a myriad of functions that the city provides its residents. Paris was founded on an island in the Seine River. Many are off the coast; due to maritime laws, the government of Canada itself controls the resources. AP Human Geography Unit 1 Vocab and Examples questionGlobalization answerThe expansion of economic, political, and cultural processes to … This route led to the Lorraine industrial area and the area of coal-based manufacturing near the Belgian border. The situation of the city in relation to other settlements in the region is advantageous to its future. You are expected to understand several central concepts within this section and site and situation are the first topics they identify. Access to long distance commerce was also a favorable situation for cities grew up along trade routes. People leave places for a number of reasons: War can cause people to leave as they fear for their lives and sometimes the lives of their families. She holds an M.A. Industrialization and economic development unit. ... labor, and capital. Factors included in an area's situation include the accessibility of the location, the extent of a place's connections with another, and how close an area may be to raw materials if they are not located specifically on the site. Test. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Cities located in climates that are inhospitable for humans or agriculture, or extremely rugged, puts the fate of the population in the hands of others, to provide resources they are not able to produce. Learn more about our school licenses here. Where they stand in, the hierarchy depends on many factors: population, the number of services, and its sphere of influence. Ex: To some degree, the factories in America's "Rust Belt" are running on industrial inertia, as Mexican auto manufacturing has proven lucrative. In a marine ecosystem, abiotic factors would include salinity and ocean currents. As nations around the world continue to develop, their sites and situations will continue to play a large role in whether or not they will be successful. Location factors related to the transportation of materials into and from a factory. For many centuries, this favorable defense aspect continued to be vital to the growth of Paris, because the central government at that time was historically weak. Site: The physical character of place; what is found at the location and why it is significant (For more on Site & Situation, see p.16). Get access to thousands of standards-aligned practice questions. Cities are part of the urban hierarchy. The "site" is the actual location of a settlement on the Earth, and the term includes the physical characteristics of the landscape specific to the area. answer. Situation – Where a city is, in relation to its surrounding features. Urban settlements date back more than 5,000 years. Naim 01:04 AP Human Geography Chapter 11 Central Europe offers an attractive combination of important site and situation factors: A) less skilled but cheaper labor than Western Europe. The first reason people migrate are push factors, which are reasons why people leave somewhere.This is closely related to forced migration. Good luck in your quest to do well on the AP® Human Geography Exam. PLAY. If you're an educator interested in trying Albert, click the button below to learn about our pilot program. For the both the multiple-choice and FRQ sections of the AP® Human Geography exam, you can expect several questions relating to urban geography. Join our newsletter to get updated when we release new learning content! As shown in the examples of New York City, Bhutan, and Canada's east coast, an area's site and situation played a significant role in its development, both within its boundaries and on the world stage. Acculturation is defined as the adoption of cultural and social characteristics of one society that is controlled by another society with the minority of inhabitants adapting and adopting the host cultures experiences. ... A stage at which an industry runs at its former location despite the disappearance of the location's desirable site factors. Now that you know what site and situation are, you can determine the difference between the two human geography terms. Physical geography, which deals with the physical factors of a region, is a geographical sub-field concerned with the features, processes and patterns that make up the natural environment. We are gradually updating these posts and will remove this disclaimer when this post is updated. Factors included in an area's situation include the accessibility of the location, the extent of a place's connections with another, and how close an area may be to raw materials if they are not located specifically on the site. 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