Ronald Reagan used them to launch a large-scale terrorist war against Nicaragua, combined with economic warfare that was even more lethal. Anastasio "Tachito" Somoza Debayle (Spanish: [anasˈtasjo soˈmosa ðeˈβajle]; 5 December 1925 – 17 September 1980) was a Nicaraguan dictator and officially the President of Nicaragua from 1 May 1967 to 1 May 1972 and from 1 December 1974 to 17 July 1979. Suspended the constitution and declared himself President and Prime Minister in 1966. In the February 25, 1990, elections, Violeta Barrios de Chamorro carried 55 percent of the popular vote against Daniel Ortega's 41 percent. As head of the National Guard, he was de facto ruler of the country from 1967 to 1979. ... 1980–1984 (dictator) 2005–2009 (democratically elected) become president by a coup. The conflict came to an end after a military and diplomatic intervention by the United States resulted in the Peace of Tipitapa. After the war, a survey was taken of voters: 75.6% agreed that if the Sandinistas had won, the war would never have ended. Following the resignation of centrist members from this Junta, the FSLN took exclusive power in March 1981. Why did the US go to such lengths in Nicaragua? Logged in users: ▶ Can comment on articles and discussions The long war against the Contras severely weakened Nicaraguan economy, weakening the position of the Sandinistas. In October 1988, an even worse natural disaster struck Nicaragua - Hurricane Joan. [citation needed] Other observers, the Nicaraguan political opposition and the Reagan administration claimed political restrictions were placed on the opposition by the government, and that a relatively short period of greater openness was not sufficient for a free election. Come one, come all! Nicaragua also possesses a series of islands and cays located in the Caribbean Sea.. Nicaragua's name is derived from Nicarao, … 91.8% of those who voted for the UNO agreed with this. On July 19, the FSLN army entered Managua, culminating the first goal of the Nicaraguan revolution. The United States quickly suspended aid to Nicaragua and expanded the supply of arms and training to the Contra in neighbouring Honduras, as well as allied groups based to the south in Costa Rica. The dictator, Daniel Ortega, has executed a terrifying crackdown on the country. The stalled pickup belonged to a band of Argentinian revolutionaries bent on killing the passenger of the Mercedes-Benz, former Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza Debayle. The 1984 elections, described by international observers as fair and free,[3] were boycotted by the main opposition party. In later years, Ortega's previously far left politics moderated m… Oppositional rebels, known as Contras, formed in 1981 to resist the Sandinista's Junta and received support from the American Central Intelligence Agency. The sky is always darkest just before the dawn: class struggle in the US from the 2008 crash to the eve of the occupations movement - Loren Goldner, The Mooney-Billings frame-up - Louis Adamic, The Scala file: a case history of state provocation, 1978. Just about all US policymakers shared it, and it reached virtual frenzy. They argued that this was a response to attacks by counter-revolutionary forces. Many Nicaraguans expected the country's economic crisis to deepen and the Contra conflict to continue if the Sandinistas remained in power. You could probably start a guerrilla insurgency in mountain regions of the US with comparable funding. Gannon, of Northampton, had worked as a reporter in Nicaragua and El Salvador in the 1980s, covering civil war and human rights abuses that made international headlines. If you have an ebook reader or a Kindle, check out our guide to using ebook readers with libcom.org. The new rulers of Nicaragua evoked different responses from the U.S. government. The FSLN won the majority of the votes. By mid-April 1979, five guerrilla fronts opened under the joint command of the FSLN, including an internal front in the capital city Managua. The Sandinistas were victorious in the national election of November 4, 1984, gathering 67% of the vote. The amazing part of it was that the Sandinistas still got 40% of the vote, while New York Times headlines proclaimed that Americans were "United in Joy" over this "Victory for US Fair Play.". The elections of 1990, which had been mandated by the constitution passed in 1987, saw the Bush administration funnel $49.75 million of ‘non-lethal’ aid to the Contras, as well as $9m to the opposition UNO—equivalent to $2 billion worth of intervention by a foreign power in a US election at the time, and proportionately five times the amount George Bush had spent on his own election campaign. 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